Using NAV with Docker for development¶
Docker is a lightweight “virtualization” framework for creating isolated environments, useful both in development and production. For more information on Docker visit their homepage or read the documentation.
Installing Docker and docker-compose¶
Docker has updated documentation on how to install it for most Linux distributions *.
To avoid having to use sudo with docker commands, it is recommended
to add your user to the
docker group. You may need to relogin for it to
Building the Docker image¶
First you will need to obtain the NAV source code.
The source contains a configuration file for Docker Compose to build a suite of containers for PostgreSQL, Graphite and NAV itself. Simply run this command to build and run everything:
The first time you run this would be the perfect time to grab some coffee (and maybe redecorate your living room), as the initial build may take a while.
Using the container(s)¶
The Docker Compose specificiation creates these containers (called “services” in Docker Compose lingo):
This container runs the NAV backend processes and cron jobs. It also runs the “sass-watcher” job, which will watch
*.scssfiles for modifications and recompile NAV’s CSS when changes do occur.
This container runs the Django development server to serve NAV’s web-based user interface. By default, Docker Compose will expose this web service on port 80 on the host system, i.e. at http://localhost/
This runs a bog standard Postgres image from the Docker Hub, to serve as NAV’s main data store.
This runs both carbon-cache backend and a graphite-web frontend, for NAV’s storage and retrieval of time-series data. By default, Docker Compose will expose the web service on port 8000 on the host system, i.e. http://localhost:8000/
This container will watch the
doc/directory for changes and initiate a rebuild of the NAV documentation whenever the documentation source files are modified. The built documentation should normally be browseable via the web service at http://localhost/doc/
Accessing internals of running containers¶
If need be, you can access the internals of the running containers (to control
NAV daemons using the
nav command, adjust the running config, or whatever)
by running a bash shell inside the container, like so (for the
docker-compose exec nav /bin/bash
Manually restarting the web server¶
To manually restart the web server, all you need is:
docker-compose restart web
Rebuilding the NAV code from scratch¶
A complete rebuild of the NAV code can be initiated by:
docker-compose restart nav
Rebuilding the containers¶
If you are switching between branches, though, you may need to rebuild the images the containers are based on (as different development branches may have different requirements, and therefore different Dockerfiles). Stop the existing containers and run this:
Controlling processes inside the nav container¶
nav container uses supervisord to control multiple
processes. While the
nav command can be used to control individual NAV
services, supervisorctl can be used to control other processes used
within the development environment:
This is the regular system cron daemon, responsible for running recurring NAV tasks.
This is a one-time supervisor task to start all of NAV when the container starts.
This is a process that monitors the
python/nav/web/sass/subdirectory for changes, and re-runs
python setup.py build_sass(i.e. rebuilding all the SASS-based stylesheets) on changes.
The individual logs of these program are typically found inside the
container in the
/var/log/supervisor/ directory. The NAV process logs
themselves are placed inside the
/tmp/ directory inside the
Controlling log levels and configuration¶
The log levels of various parts of NAV are controlled through the config file
/etc/nav/logging.conf inside the containers.
web containers share a common configuration volume named
nav_config. This volume should persist even between rebuilds of the
containers themselves. If you want NAV to install a completely new set of
config files from scratch, you may need to manually trash this volume using the
-v option to the docker-compose down command.
Overriding the compose services¶
If you need to override certain aspects of the Docker Compose service
definitions for your own purposes during development, you can usually do so
without patching the
docker-compose.yml file. You can “patch” the
definitions via Docker Compose’s override mechanism: Simply add a
docker-compose.override.yml to the top-level source directory.
Preventing NAV backend services from starting at container startup¶
You can add the environment variable
NONAVSTART=1 to prevent the backend
daemons from being started at the
nav container startup time (allowing for
complete manual control of daemons, by entering the container using
as documented above). This can be done by adding something akin to this:
version: '2' services: nav: environment: - NONAVSTART=1
The same technique can be used to insert your own environment into the